Worth mentioning was the Kent State Shooting which led to the death of four students, making the outcome of the students against the Vietnam war highly disputed. The growing opposition to the Vietnam War … Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you As the war dragged on, more and more Americans grew weary of mounting casualties and escalating costs. But during the Vietnam War, public sensitivity to the number of dead and apathy toward the conflict actually decreased support for what the American public … var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { But growing opposition to the war in Vietnam, unrest on college campuses, and urban rioting, made him vulnerable. News coverage of the war, which included graphic visual testimonies of the death and destruction in Vietnam, turned US public opinion increasingly against the war. The number of US soldiers killed were reaching the point where the general public wanted the war to end. Services. Conscientious objectors did play an active role although their numbers were small. The sudden and violent attacks that erupted during the Tet holidays of 1968 followed official assurances of progress, timing that increased the corrosive effect of the offensive on national resolve. By the end of the year, the antiwar movement had fractured due to competing ideologies over how to end the war. Th… Within a span of just a few years, opposition to the Vietnam War became a colossal movement, with protests drawing hundreds of thousands of Americans into the streets. Doves became angry. Vietnam eventually fell completely to communism. The media remained wedded to the proposition that the Tet Offensive was an unmitigated disaster that proved the war could not be won. The antiwar movement that occurred in response to the United States' presence in the Vietnam War had multiple dimensions. 8 chapters | (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); Fearful of losing Vietnam, yet deterred by fear of provoking war with China, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara came to champion an in-between course of military pressures, one that got America good and committed (enraging domestic dissent from doves), but one with weapons and target restrictions that precluded fully committing US military power (enraging hawkish critics on the right). This set the stage for the massive antiwar demonstrations at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in August of 1968. Practice: 1960s America. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? 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For several years, they had been told that Communist forces were small and were losing badly. Dissenters had a variety of motivations, including anti-colonialism, opposition to unprovoked American aggression, resistance to the draft, and humanitarianism, but the consistent underlying ideology remained clear: end the American war in Vietnam. Regardless, thousands of activists clashed with Chicago police during the convention. Origins of the Cold War. Next lesson. They wanted the war to end quickly. Hawks, as the initial strategy was found not to be productive, believed that the US should have shifted to something faster. U.S. involvement in Vietnam occurred within and because of the larger context of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. Sixty-nine percent, yes; 24%, no. Vietnam War - Vietnam War - De-escalation, negotiation, and Vietnamization: With the aid of some of the president’s other advisers and elder statesmen from the Democratic Party, Clifford succeeded in persuading Johnson that the present number of U.S. troops in Vietnam (about 550,000) should constitute an upper limit and that Johnson, as chief executive, should make a dramatic gesture for peace. The United States had committed more than 365,000 troops to Vietnam by the beginning of 1967, and the … The Vietnam War. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Due to the draft, U.S. troops numbered 540,000 by 1968. While college students were not the only ones to protest, student activism played a key role in bringing antiwar ideas to the broader public. It expanded the U.S. military during the Civil War, both World Wars, and the wars in Korea and Vietnam. As the war escalated and increasing numbers of Americans were wounded and killed in combat, the opposition grew. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. With military escalation came the need for increasing the draft. Johnson's decision to escalate the American effort in July of 1965 added fuel to the fire. It was not until 1965 that the antiwar movement exploded. The growing opposition to the Vietnam War was partly attributed to greater access to uncensored information presented by the extensive television coverage on the ground in Vietnam. Ordinary Europeans set aside many of their internal divisions and grievances and rallied behind their monarchs, governments and armed forces. People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front, Quiz & Worksheet - Opposition to the Vietnam War in the Late 1960s, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Lyndon B. 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